Clinical ToolsAir Quality and Contamination
Aerobiology plays a fundamental role in the transmission of infectious diseases. As infectious disease and infection control practitioners continue employing contemporary techniques, the central variables affecting the airborne transmission of pathogens are becoming better known.
A comprehensive Surgical Checklist based on the World Health Organization (WHO), The Joint Commission, Universal Protocol and National Patient Safety Goals.
A. Fernstrom, M. Goldblatt, Hindawi 2012. There is a lack of industry standards for evaluating new technologies that attempt to solve the airborne particle transmission problem.
O.M. Lidwell, et al. Journal of Hospital Infection 1983. The greater part of bacterial wound contamination in total joint replacement is derived from the air.
G. Birgand, PharmD, PhD. AJIC 2015. There is a strong correlation between air particle counts and microbial contamination, suggesting that particle counting can be used for routine evaluation of contamination in the OR ventilated with turbulent airﬂow or LAF.
W. Kowalski, PhD, HPAC Engineering 2007. The change that perhaps would have the greatest impact on nosocomial infections in this country is the establishment of national standards concerning aerobiological quality.
W. Whyte,et al. Journal of Hospital Infection 1982. This study revealed facts that suggest 98% of bacteria in patients’ wounds came directly or indirectly from the air.
C. Brandt, M.D., et al. Annals of Surgery 2008. OR ventilation with laminar airflow showed no benefit and was even associated with a significantly higher risk for severe SSI after hip prosthesis.
Parvizi, J MD, FRCS, Gehrke, T MD, Orthopaedic Research Society 2014. Operative Environment: Consensus recognizes airborne particulate bacteria are a major source of contamination in the OR environment.
A. Andersson RN, et al. AJIC 2012. Trafﬁc ﬂow has a strong negative impact on the OR environment. The results of this study support interventions aimed at preventing surgical site infections by reducing trafﬁc ﬂow in the OR.
O.M Lidwell, et al. Acta Orthop. Scand., 1987. The basis of the results and the incidence of joint sepsis in relation to them, recommendations have been made for standards of air contamination.